This large rubric of this so-called "captivity literature" includes more generally "any account of the life, or a major portion of the life, of a fugitive or former slave, either written or orally related by the slave himself or herself". Not only maintaining the memory and capturing the historical truth transmitted in these accounts, but slave narratives were primarily the tool for fugitive or former slaves to state their independence in the 19th century, and carry on and conserve authentic and true historical facts from a first-person perspective. They go further than just autobiographies, and are moreover "a source for reconstructing historical experience".
This project aimed to uncover these patterns with computer-assisted techniques. In this case study, we began with a specific task in mind: His master plan began as follows: Our question was simple: Are there narratives that do not match these patterns?
We chose this area of exploration because it satisfied two criteria: Second, would be a novel problem in the field of text analysis systems, and therefore interesting to the computer scientist in the collaboration — not just a simple application of previously-existing tools. We proceeded with the following two-phase plan of action: We would use the tool to gather examples, and attempt to translate these intstances of stereotypes into some representation in terms of words and relationships between them.
In the second phase, we writing a slave narrative develop a computational tool for examining the prevalence of any particular sterotype, and for comparing different sterotypes. Each phase of the plan presented a new computational challenge. In the first phase, we would have to develop a way to easily find instances of various stereotypes.
In the second, we would have to create a way to get a sense of the distribution and prevalence of particular stereotypes. Tools In the first phase, we built a tool to help gather examples of the various narrative stereotypes.
In the second phase we analyzed the gathered examples and come up with queries representing the stereotypes. Grammatical Search We were in need of a good way to search the narrative collection for stereotypes.
Keyword search, familiar to us from web search engines, is an approximate way of searching. This is because our true information need cannot always be expressed as a collection of words.
Searching with normal keyword search, however, does not work well. A more precise way of expressing our information need is the following: To address this problem, we created grammatical search.
Existing natural language processing technology has made it possible to automatically extract grammatical relationships between words. In a novel step, we created a search engine based on this technology.
We performed dependency parsing on the entire slave narratives collection and created a way for a scholar to specify the grammatical relationships between words. Grammatical search allows users to be precise about the relationships between query words.
Even though there are only six, each result precisely represents an instance of an overseer being described as cruel. Grammatical search for the cruel treatment stereotype. The power of grammatical search does not stop at issuing precise queries. It can also be used for discovery. Leaving one side of the search box blank returns all the words that match the query in the form of a bar graph.
Clicking on a word in the graph filters the result set to match only that word. This information could previously only be learned from reading. With this tool, scholars would be able to make a quick assessment of how widespread a certain grammatical construction was, and determine whether or not it was prevalent enough to be considered stereotypical.
Newspaper-column visualization Figure 3: The ability to investigate the prevalence of a stereotype was central to the second phase of our analysis.
Each vertical column is a narrative. The narratives are segmented into vertical blocks corresponding to 30 sentences each.
A block is highlighted if the term occurs anywhere within those sentences. Essentially, this amounts to arranging the narratives side by side, and highlighting occurrences of the query in a given color.
Such visualizations are popular in text analysis interfaces when allowing a user to visualize the distribution of a search query.Example: Slave Narratives The North American antebellum slave narratives are a collection of works written by fugitive slaves in the decades before the Civil War with the support of abolitionist sponsors.
The question is what is slave narrative?. In this paper I will point out to the important facts about slave narrative and the essentials on why slave narrative is still very important to us today..
In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, slave narratives were an important means of /5(10). A few wrote slave narratives, which, when published, powerfully exposed the evils of slavery. For slaves and their teachers, the exercise of reading and writing was a dangerous and illegal one.
Narrative writing, being a peculiar kind of assignments demands specific thesis statement. Writing a story (which is a narrative essay) the author illustrates his convictions as for some chosen matter representing his own personal experience.
Some slave narratives elicited replies from whites that were published in subsequent editions of the narrative (the second, Dublin edition of Frederick Douglass's Narrative is a case in point).
Slave narrative, an account of the life, or a major portion of the life, of a fugitive or former slave, either written or orally related by the slave personally.
Slave narratives comprise one of the most influential traditions in American literature, shaping the form and themes of some of the most celebrated and controversial writing, both in.