Making a comparison of business and academic writing is important so you can understand the different writing methods. There are more types of academic writing than business writing and the main differences between the two relate to the style of the writing.
The introduction opening paragraph basically accomplishes two goals: Open with a series of questions about the topic. Present startling or unusual facts or figures. Define an important, subject related term.
Quote a well known person or literary work. Body Developmental paragraphs body paragraphs are the heart of an essay.
They must clearly and logically support the thesis. They must be arranged in the best possible way, e. The paragraphs should flow smoothly from one to the next, e. In addition, minor supporting ideas are linked together within the paragraphs in a smooth manner.
Conclusion The conclusion is the summary paragraph. It should accomplish the following: Development General-to-specific sequence The topic sentence should be the first sentence in a paragraph. The topic sentence is a general statement introducing the paragraph and is followed by specific details that expand, explain, or illustrate the topic sentence.
Unity All the sentences should relate to one topic. Completeness Supporting ideas should be developed enough to cover the topic.
Coherence Coherence equals connection and consistency. Body paragraphs should flow smoothly from one to the next, e. Within a paragraph, there are three major ways to develop coherence through related sentences: Repetition of important words and pronouns - Repetition of key words helps the reader follow from sentence to sentence as important terms are defined and the relationship between them is explained.
Synonyms and substitutions - Synonyms are two or more words that have nearly the same thing.
Substitution is a word that describes the subject. Transitional expressions - Transitional expressions are words and phrases that point out the exact relationship between one idea and another, one sentence and another, e. Just as the sentences within a paragraph should flow smoothly, so the paragraphs within an essay should be clearly linked one to the next.
The first sentence of each new paragraph is linked to the thesis statement or to the paragraph before. The following are four ways to link paragraphs: Repetition of key words or ideas from the thesis statement 2.
Reference to words or ideas from the preceding paragraph 3.
Use of transitional expressions 4. Use of transitional sentences A closer look at development Comparison and Contrast There are two ways to present similarities and differences between two things being compared or contrasted.
Point 1 Point 2 Then all B: Point 1 Point 2 Point 3 This pattern is good for short compositions. The reader can easily remember what was said about A by the time he or she gets around to B.
Point-by-point topic by topic This method moves back and forth between A and B, presenting one point about A and then going to the parallel point about B. Then, it moves to the next point and does the same. By going back and forth, the writer makes it easier for the reader to keep the contrasts or comparisons in mind.
Extended Definition There are five basic methods to expand a definition: Comparing it to something else 2. Telling what it is not 3. Describing it in detail 4.The entries for the second run of the Bad Writing Contest have now been tabulated, and we are pleased to announce winners.
But first a few tedious words. Avoid Second-Person Point of View. When should second person point of view be avoided? What are the second person personal pronouns?
A free, comprehensive, peer-reviewed, award-winning Open Text for students and faculty in college-level courses that require writing and research. Using First Person in an Academic Essay: When is It .
When to use the first, second, and third person point of view in your writing. Academic writers almost always use alternatives to the second person pronoun, such as “one,” “the reader,” or “people.” Personal experience in academic writing The question of whether personal experience has a place in academic writing depends on context and purpose.
If first person is someone telling you his or her story, and second person is you being told how you should do something, then third person is more like a camera recording events. Clueless about how to use et al. in your paper?. No need to fear.
This handy guide will have you "rollin' with the homies" and citing like a pro in no time. Before we get into the nitty-gritty details, it helps to first understand the literal meaning of the phrase.