London, England English poet The English poet Alexander Pope is regarded as one of the finest poets and satirists people who use wit or sarcasm to point out and devalue sin or silliness of the Augustan mid-seventeenth to mid-eighteenth century English literature period and one of the major influences on English literature in this time and after. His Roman Catholic father was a linen merchant. His family moved out of London and settled in Binfield in Windsor Forest around
In Jacob Tonsonthe leading publisher of poetryhad solicited their publication, and they took the place of honour in his Poetical Miscellanies in His full-grown height was 4 feet 6 inches 1.
He was a lifelong sufferer from headaches, and his deformity made him abnormally sensitive to physical and mental pain. Though he was able to ride a horse and delighted in travel, he was inevitably precluded from much normal physical activityand his energetic, fastidious mind was largely directed to reading and writing.
This was An Essay on Criticismpublished in Its brilliantly polished epigrams e. A young man in one family had stolen a lock of hair from a young lady in the other. Telling the story with all the pomp and circumstance of epic made not only the participants in the quarrel but also the society in which they lived seem ridiculous.
It is a glittering poem about a glittering world. But now secure the painted vessel glides, The sunbeams trembling on the floating tides: When it was published, he was already far advanced with the greatest labour of his life, his verse translation of Homer.
He had announced his intentions in October and had published the first volume, containing the IliadBooks I—IV, in The Iliad was completed in six volumes in The work of translating the Odyssey vol. The labour had been great, but so were the rewards. Pope offered his readers the Iliad and the Odyssey as he felt sure Homer would have written them had he lived in early 18th-century England.
Political considerations had affected the success of the translation. He was associated with the first five in the Scriblerus Club —14which met to write joint satires on pedantry, later to mature as Peri Bathouse; or, The Art of Sinking in Poetry and the Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus ; and these were the men who encouraged his translation of Homer.
Even before the Homer quarrel, Pope had found that the life of a wit was one of perpetual warfare.
There were few years when either his person or his poems were not objects of attacks from the critic John Dennisthe bookseller Edmund Curllthe historian John Oldmixon, and other writers of lesser fame. The climax was reached over his edition of Shakespeare.
He had emended the plays, in the spirit of a literary editor, to accord with contemporary tastebut his practice was exposed by the scholar Lewis Theobald in Shakespeare Restored Though Pope had ignored some of these attacks, he had replied to others with squibs in prose and verse.
But he now attempted to make an end of the opposition and to defend his standards, which he aligned with the standards of civilized society, in the mock epic The Dunciad Pope dispatches his victims with such sensuousness of verse and imagery that the reader is forced to admit that if there is petulance here, as has often been claimed, it is, to parody Wordsworth, petulance recollected in tranquillity.
Pope reissued the poem in with an elaborate mock commentary of prefaces, notes, appendixes, indexes, and errata; this burlesque of pedantry whimsically suggested that The Dunciad had fallen a victim to the spirit of the times and been edited by a dunce.
Life at Twickenham Pope and his parents had moved from Binfield to Chiswick in There his father diedand two years later he and his mother rented a villa on the Thames at Twickenham, then a small country town where several Londoners had retired to live in rustic seclusion. There he entertained such friends as SwiftBolingbrokeOxford, and the painter Jonathan Richardson.
Pope now began to contemplate a new work on the relations of man, nature, and society that would be a grand organization of human experience and intuitionbut he was destined never to complete it.
An Essay on Man —34 was intended as an introductory book discussing the overall design of this work.
The poem has often been charged with shallowness and philosophical inconsistency, and there is indeed little that is original in its thought, almost all of which can be traced in the work of the great thinkers of Western civilization.
Critical attacks drove him to consider his position as satirist. John Arbuthnothe addressed to him an epistle in verseone of the finest of his later poems, in which were incorporated fragments written over several years. In these imitations and dialogues, Pope directed his attack upon the materialistic standards of the commercially minded Whigs in power and upon the corrupting effect of money, while restating and illustrating the old Horatian standards of serene and temperate living.
His anxiety about prevailing standards was shown once more in his last completed work, The New Dunciadreprinted as the fourth book of a revised Dunciadin which Theobald was replaced as hero by Colley Cibberthe poet laureate and actor-manager, who not only had given more recent cause of offense but seemed a more appropriate representative of the degenerate standards of the age.Alexander Pope: Alexander Pope, poet and satirist of the English Augustan period, best known for his poems An Essay on Criticism (), The Rape of the Lock (–14), The Dunciad (), and An Essay on Man (–34).
He is one of the most epigrammatic of all English authors. Pope’s father, a wholesale linen. In France, John Baptist Say has the merit of producing a very superior work on the subject of Political Economy.
His arrangement is luminous, ideas clear, style perspicuous, and the whole subject brought within half the volume of [Adam] Smith's work. Alexander Pope was born on May 21, , in London, England, to Alexander and Edith Pope. His Roman Catholic father was a linen merchant. His family moved out of London and settled in Binfield in Windsor Forest around Pope had little formal schooling.
He educated himself through extensive. Opinions differ, with regard to Alexander Pope, but then again it's hard to find any subject at all where opinions do NOT differ!
I think that Pope was one of the most clever and skilled man who ever wrote verse in English, and that his verse rises pretty frequently to the level of poetry. Alexander Pope (21 May – 30 May ) was an 18th-century English poet. He is best known for his satirical verse, including Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad, and for his translation of urbanagricultureinitiative.com is the second-most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations after Shakespeare.
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