The hawthorne studies essay

Early American writers first had to ensure their own survival before they could think about writing for entertainment. These early writings were more about keeping historical records than of creating something with literary value, so these works would be narratives, descriptions, observations, reports, journals, and histories. We need to be mindful of this when reading them in this current day.

The hawthorne studies essay

Haagens, Mabel Hatt

Joseph White while the former slave trader and shipmaster slept. Chris Beatrice By E. Wagner Smithsonian Magazine Subscribe November On the evening of April 6,the light of a full moon stole through the windows of Essex Street, one of the grandest houses in Salem, Massachusetts. Graced with a beautifully balanced red brick facade, a portico with white Corinthian columns and a roof balustrade carved of wood, the three-story edifice, built inwas a symbol of prosperous and proper New England domesticity.

It was owned by Capt. Joseph White, who had made his fortune as a shipmaster and trader. Knapp was previously the master of a sailing vessel White owned. That night, Captain White retired a little later than was his habit, at about 9: He noticed that a back window on the ground floor was open and a plank was leaning against it.

The hawthorne studies essay

Knowing that Captain White kept gold doubloons in an iron chest in his room, and that there were many other valuables in the house, he feared that burglars had gained access to it. Captain White lay on his right side, diagonally across the bed.

His left temple bore the mark of a crushing blow, although the skin was not broken. Blood had oozed onto the bedclothes from a number of wounds near his heart. The body was already growing cold. The iron chest and its contents were intact. No other valuables had been disturbed.

I first read of the Salem murder many years ago in a Greenwich Village secondhand bookshop. Joseph White in a portrait painted years before he was bludgeoned by Richard Crowninshield.

Knapp was hanged before a crowd of thousands at Salem Gaol. Joseph White, published by Charles Ellms,Boston A break in the investigation came when a petty thief testified that he had overheard the Crowninshield brothers plotting the crime in a gambling house.

Chris Beatrice Prosecutor Daniel Webster's relentless gaze and commanding presence earned him the sobriquet "Black Dan. Shattuck, Class of Richard Crowninshield thought he would avoid the gallows—and might well have—had Joe Knapp not confessed his role in the plot to the Rev. Chris Beatrice Inspired by the trial, Edgar Allan Poe,incorporated themes of murder and guilt into his fictional writings.

The famed lawyer and congressman Daniel Webster was the prosecutor at the ensuing trial. Those facts alone proved an irresistible magnet to a crime historian like me. But the setting—gloomy, staid Salem, where in the s nineteen men and women were convicted of witchcraft and hanged—endowed the murder case with another layer of gothic intrigue.

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Ward made note of the plank at the open window, and near it he discovered two muddy footprints he believed had been made by the intruder.

Decades before footprints were generally recognized as important evidence, Ward carefully covered them with a milk pan to shield them from the fine mist that had begun to fall.

Though the wounds had oozed, there was no sign of spurting or spraying blood.The Hawthorne studies, which began in and ended in , at the Western Electric Company, have produced controversy since its findings in were published .

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To find the work you're looking for start by looking through the author index. A Murder in Salem In , a brutal crime in Massachusetts riveted the nation—and inspired the writings of Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne.

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Alice Walker and Pratibha Parmar expose the secret of female genital mutilation, a practice that affects one hundred million of the world’s women.

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