The disappearance of Mycenaean civilization is often attributed to the Dorian invasion, and more recently to a natural disaster. Though the exact reason for this general breakdown of civilization is not known, it can most probably be attributed to a number of things. It is unknown what caused the destruction, but theories include a foreign attack or the violent eruption of a volcano on the island of Santorini. Knossos remained intact until it was eventually taken over by the Mycenaean Greeks.
The Mycenaeans are the first Greeks, in other words, they were the first people to speak the Greek language. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization, located on the island of Crete. This influence is seen in Mycenaean palaces, clothing, frescoes, and their writing system, called Linear B.
Arthur Evans credited the writing system to the Minoans. Hearing these words a second time, Ventris decided that day, that he would be the one to decipher this ancient script. Ventris became an architectbut never lost his passion for Linear B.
Ventris could speak many different languages fluently, and could pick up a new language quickly. Assuming that the language of Linear B was Greek, Ventris made a break through in the early s with the help of others working on the script, including American archaeologist, Alice Kober.
This made Arthur Evans angry, because he was certain it was a Minoan script. The Mycenaeans used Linear B to keep records of their trading and economy, unfortunately, the writing was not used to tell stories or show feelings.
How the later Greeks felt about the Mycenaeans The later Greeks told stories about the Mycenaeans who preceded them, like the poet Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. In the eyes of the later Greeks, the Mycenaeans were larger than life. The later Greeks called these walls cyclopean walls, named after the one-eyed giant race, because the later Greeks felt only giants could move the stones.
A walled mountain or hilltop settlement is called a citadel.
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No evidence of the Mycenaeans whom Homer called the Achaeans or the city of Troy, also talked about in the Iliad, was to be found. He was fascinated by the Iliad; with his copy in hand, along with his wife, Schliemann set out to find ancient Troy.
Based on a description in the Homer's Iliad, Schliemann found a hill in modern Turkey that fit this description of the location of Troy. Amazingly, as Schliemann dug, ancient Troy was revealed.
Feeling he was on a roll, Schliemann then went to Greece, where he uncovered the lost city of Mycenae, high in the mountains. The Mycenaean palaces proved the wealth of the kings who ruled them.
The Palaces included a large meeting hall, called a Megaron, and kings were buried in deep shaft graves along with their riches. Pylos, located close to the sea, was the only city-state that did not have cyclopean walls, therefore, it was not a citadel like Mycenae and Tyrins.
Since Greece is mountainous, the best form of transportation is by the sea. The Mycenaeans were seafaring people, all of the city-states were close to the sea, but far enough way that, should the city be attacked, the inhabitants would have time to react.
The Mycenaeans were bellicose by nature, attacking others, especially by sea, and fighting among themselves.2 UNCG Undergraduate Bulletin 4 Notices Equality of Educational Opportunity The University of North Carolina at Greensboro is com-mitted to equality of educational opportunity and does not.
Athena - The Greek goddess Athena is usually portrayed as one of the strongest gods in Olympia. As Greek civilization shapes gods that represent their desired identity, representing the god of war and the immortal spirit of wisdom, Athena is the goddess of the balance between intelligence and power.
The Mycenaean civilization was located on the Greek mainland, mostly on the Peloponnese, the southern peninsula of Greece. The Mycenaeans are the first Greeks, in other words, they were the first people to speak the Greek language.
Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek, predating the Greek alphabet by several centuries) from Mycenaean Greece, Homeric names have appeared, including Achilles, a name common in the classical period, were noted on tablets from Knossos and Pylos.
Mycenaean Public Life Essay - Public Life Like all great things that come to be, it soon must fall. Between and BC, the late Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations during the latter part of the Bronze Age were severely jolted, culturally and architecturally.
The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay. Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate.