For the purpose of the present Protocol: States Parties shall combat all forms of discrimination against women through appropriate legislative, institutional and other measures. In this regard they shall: States Parties shall commit themselves to modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of women and men through public education, information, education and communication strategies, with a view to achieving the elimination of harmful cultural and traditional practices and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of either of the sexes, or on stereotyped roles for women and men.
Social determinants and the health of Indigenous peoples in Australia — a human rights based approach Author Area: Introduction Improving the health status of Indigenous peoples 1 in Australia is a longstanding challenge for governments in Australia.
The gap in health status between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians remains unacceptably wide. Social determinants theory recognises that population health and inequality is determined by many interconnected social factors 5. Likewise, it is a basic tenet of human rights law that all rights are interconnected and that impacting on the enjoyment of one right will impact on the enjoyment of others 6.
Because of this synergy, human rights discourse provides a framework for analysing the potential health impacts of government policies and programs on Indigenous peoples.
While fundamental to improving Indigenous health outcomes, these issues are not addressed in this paper. One of the nine guiding principles of this is that Governments adopt a holistic approach: Indigenous health in Australia — key trends The current status of Indigenous health in Australia can be briefly synopsized as follows: For example, there is an estimated gap of approximately 17 years between Indigenous and non-Indigenous life expectation in Australia For all age groups below 65 years, the age-specific death rates for Indigenous Australians are at least twice those experienced by the non-Indigenous population Indigenous peoples do not have an equal opportunity to be as healthy as non-Indigenous Australians.
While there have been improvements on some measures of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status, they have not matched the rapid health gains made in the general population in Australia.
The increase in absolute terms of the size of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth population will require significant increases in services and programs simply to keep pace with demand and maintain the status quo, yet alone to achieve a reduction in existing health inequality.
The inequality in health status experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is linked to systemic discrimination.
Historically, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have not had the same opportunity to be as healthy as non-Indigenous people.
This occurs through the inaccessibility of mainstream services and lower access to health services, including primary health care, and inadequate provision of health infrastructure in some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
Indigenous health and human rights — Key principles The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ICESCR includes the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health article 12 ; the right to an adequate standard of living, including adequate food, clothing and housing article 11 ; and the right to education article Article 2 of the Covenant requires that governments take steps, to the maximum of their available resources, with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of the rights recognized in the Covenant.
It also requires that all rights be enjoyed on a non-discriminatory basis. The right to health, and these related rights, have been recognised for some time. But it is only in recent years that detailed consideration has been given a rights based approach to health.
This framework therefore offers a relatively new perspective on the factors necessary to address health inequalities and ensure to all people the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health. Overall, the human rights based approach to health has the following components.
A rights based approach to health has begun to be operationalized throughout the United Nations structure through the Common Understanding of a Human-Rights Based Approach to Development Cooperation.
People are key actors in their own development, rather than passive recipients of commodities and services; Participation is both a means and a goal; and Strategies should be empowering, not disempowering, and encourage active engagement of all stakeholders.
These human rights considerations are critical in addressing the social determinants of health. Nationally inIndigenous students were also half as likely to continue to year 12 as non-Indigenous students Poverty is clearly associated with poor health.
Poor education and literacy are linked to poor health status, and affect the capacity of people to use health information; 24 Poorer income reduces the accessibility of health care services and medicines; Overcrowded and run-down housing is associated with poverty and contributes to the spread of communicable disease; Poor infant diet is associated with poverty and chronic diseases later in life; 25 and Smoking and high-risk behaviour is associated with lower socio-economic status.
In making these assertions, Indigenous peoples anticipated developments in social determinants theory over the s. This is the experience among Indigenous Australians.
An indicator of chronic stress in a population group is high rates of high-risk health behaviour, notably substance abuse.
One in six reported consuming alcohol at risky or high risk levels. Hospitalisation rates for assault or intentional self-harm may also be indicative of mental illness and distress.
In —04, Indigenous males were 7 times more likely, and females 31 times as likely as for males and females in the general population; hospitalisation rates for intentional self-harm was twice as high.Nov 20, · Despite great strides made by the international women’s rights movement over many years, women and girls around the world are still married .
WOMEN’S AND CHILDREN’S RIGHTS IN A HUMAN RIGHTS BASED APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT The human rights of women and the girl child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of human rights. The full and equal participation of women in political, civil, economic social and cultural life, at the national, regional and.
The position of woman in society has given rise to a discussion which, is known under the name of the 'woman question'. Gender equality is at the very heart of human rights and United Nations values.
A fundamental principle of the United Nations Charter adopted by world leaders in is "equal rights of men and women", and protecting and promoting women's human rights is the responsibility of all urbanagricultureinitiative.com High Commissioner for Human Rights recently pledged to be a Geneva Gender Champion committing to.
In this essay I will explore human rights as an ethnocentric product of western society with a comparative look at women’s human rights Asian human right theories and culture. I will present arguments for and against human rights as an ethnocentric product with specific reference to women’s rights.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights.