First language acquisition First language acquisition The term first language acquisition defines the capacity for, in this case, children to understand language, words and sentences in order to enhance effective communication. Children acquire their first language with no conscious but instead through indirect learning. There is no need for instruction in learning the first language but rather children appear to pick it up naturally and it is believed that hearing parents speaking has a degree of input into learning the language.
First and Second Language Acquisition Essay The problem of learning languages is very important in the contemporary world.
Foreign languages are socially demanded especially at present time when the progress of science and technology gas led to an explosion of knowledge and has contributed to an overflow of information.
The total knowledge of mankind is known to double every 7 years. Foreign languages are needed as the main and the most efficient means of information exchange of the people on our planet.
On the base of the first native language people choose the second language to learn. English is on the first place. While the most widely spread language is Chinese, as the population of this country is the highest in the world.
Only then goes German, French and other languages. Over million people speak English as a native language. As the second language it is used in the former British colonies. It is the major international language for communication in such areas as science, technology, business and mass entertainment.
English is also one of the official languages of the United Nations Organization and different political parties. It is the language of science, literature, education, modern music, aviation and international tourism.
How a first language is acquired and how relevant is this to the acquisition of a second language? A prominent linguist Chomsky is sure that children are programmed with a difficult organized language acquisition device in their brains that is used by them since birth.
That is why he supposes that children have a neurological advantage in learning foreign languages comparing with adults. All in all there is a great amount of linguistic theories about the biological and natural abilities of children to learn languages, but the only right fact is that acquiring a language is a real functional process so to say system.
Any language being a system consists of units so called words that are constructed of small sets of sounds so called slabs. All the words form simple and complex combinations, called word-combinations and sentences.
Then they determine sounds sequence that will help them to form simple words afterwards. It is only the first step before children begin to put or to use logically the pauses between words.
After passing all these stages children discover the sentences in a language, simple and wrong, but sentences. Only then children achieve success in simple grammar and other language elements.
But everything said before occurs only when a child is grown up in favorable normal conditions. I mean that all these developmental stages go one by one without being missed. In Eric Lennenberg, a linguist, supposed that there is a critical period in the development of language skills in a child and if no language is learned by the age of 10 by puberty periodit can not be learned in fully and normal functional sense.
And he was right. So even after specialist training, stubborn work and intensive rehabilitation children after 10 years can remain speechless and mute.
Second language acquisition Second language acquisition is a process, when people learn languages in addition to their native one.
It means learning any foreign language after early childhood. And that is the fact that most learners compare their first native with the second language, trying to apply and use rules of the first language into the second one. It is commonly known that children have more opportunities to learn the second language easily.
All in all childhood is the most favorable time for discovering new linguistic abilities.Language Acquisition essays The theory that there is a critical period for linguistic acquisition may be analysed through the indirect observation of cognitive learning to communicate.
Whilst there are many human languages, all demonstrate a number of universal traits.
Language Acquisition in Children Language is considered the most important aspect in the life of all beings. It is a form of communication; whether spoken; written or . Bruner, as cited in Harley () claims language development occurs within a language acquisition socialization system (LASS) which contains these innate non-linguistic elements.
In positively evaluating this theory, those in favour, believe that CDS is an assisting factor in child language acquisition. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is a critical issue to both teachers and learners of a second language equally.
Thus, teaching and learning a second language has always been of a highly important matter for linguistics who always seek language learning solutions to facilitate instructors’ job and answer educational urbanagricultureinitiative.comre and Snow, and Hamayan.
First and Second Language Acquisition Essay The problem of learning languages is very important in the contemporary world. Foreign languages are socially demanded especially at present time when the progress of science and technology gas led to an explosion of knowledge and has contributed to an overflow of information.
Age and Second Language Acquisition - With the increasing popularity of dual immersion programs in schools and the widespread notion that language acquisition is something that needs to happen early on life, is there an ideal age to learn a second language (L2).