Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the Internet Essay topics: Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the Internet Submitted by alfitrah8.
The list of factors making ontology a bad fit is, also, an almost perfect description of the Web -- largest corpus, most naive users, no global authority, and so on. The more you push in the direction of scale, spread, fluidity, flexibility, the harder it becomes to handle the expense of starting a cataloguing system and the hassle of maintaining it, to say nothing of the amount of force you have to get to exert over users to get them to drop their own world view in favor of yours.
This is voodoo categorization, where acting on the model changes the world -- when the Government says an SUV is a truck, it is a truck, by definition. Much of the appeal of categorization comes from this sort of voodoo, where the people doing the categorizing believe, even if only unconciously, that naming the world changes it.
Unfortunately, most of the world is not actually amenable to voodoo categorization.
Mind Reading One of the biggest problems with categorizing things in advance is that it forces the categorizers to take on two jobs that have historically been quite hard: It forces categorizers to guess what their users are thinking, and to make predictions about the future.
The mind-reading aspect shows up in conversations about controlled vocabularies. Whenever users are allowed to label or tag things, someone always says "Hey, I know!
LiveJournal makes absolutely no attempt to enforce solidarity or a thesaurus or a minimal set of terms, no check-box, no drop-box, just free-text typing. If you think the movies and cinema people were going to have a fight, wait til you get the queer politics and homosexual agenda people in the same room.
The problem is, because the cataloguers assume their classification should have force on the world, they underestimate the difficulty of understanding what users are thinking, and they overestimate the amount to which users will agree, either with one another or with the catalogers, about the best way to categorize.
They also underestimate the loss from erasing difference of expression, and they overestimate loss from the lack of a thesaurus. Fortune Telling The other big problem is that predicting the future turns out to be hard, and yet any classification system meant to be stable over time puts the categorizer in the position of fortune teller.
Alert readers will be able to spot the difference between Sentence A and Sentence B. Sentence A is a statement. Sentence B is a prediction. But this is the ontological dilemma. Consider the following statements: They are real, physical facts. Countries are social fictions. There is a top-level category, you may have seen it earlier in the Library of Congress scheme, called Former Soviet Union.
Do I have to sit down with the Librarian of Congress and say, "Well, in my world, Python In A Nutshell is a reference work, and I keep all of my books on creativity together.
My entities, my uniquely labeled books, go into Library of Congress scheme trivially. Sometimes the pointers are direct, as when a URL points to the contents of a Web page. Sometimes they are indirect, as when you use an Amazon link to point to a book.
Sometimes there are layers of indirection, as when you use a URI, a uniform resource identifier, to name something whose location is indeterminate. But the basic scheme gives us ways to create a globally unique identifier for anything.
And once you can do that, anyone can label those pointers, can tag those URLs, in ways that make them more valuable, and all without requiring top-down organization schemes. And this -- an explosion in free-form labeling of links, followed by all sorts of ways of grabbing value from those labels -- is what I think is happening now.
Attached to each link on the home page are the tags, the username of the person who added it, the number of other people who have added that same link, and the time.
Tags have the additional effect of grouping related URLs together. There is no fixed set of categories or officially approved choices. The addition of a few simple labels hardly seems so momentous, but the surprise here, as so often with the Web, is the surprise of simplicity.
Tags are important mainly for what they leave out. By forgoing formal classification, tags enable a huge amount of user-produced organizational value, at vanishingly small cost.
The Web, by contrast, was and is a complete mess, with only one brand of pointer, the URL, and no mechanism for global organization or resources. The Web is mainly notable for two things -- the way it ignored most of the theories of hypertext and rich metadata, and how much better it works than any of the proposed alternatives.Mar 10, · A playlist by the writers Marlon James, Jenna Wortham, George Saunders, Wesley Morris, Mary H.
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It will cost you somewhat more to download Hildegard’s entire musical output from iTunes. But if you wish, you can start your downloading project with only a few selections taken from the. Looking for interesting cause and effect essay topics?
These 90 fresh cause and effect topics will wow your teacher. Published: Mon, 5 Dec This study is regarding the EMI Music Company, EMI group is a worldwide music library from one corner to another corner of the world. Argumentative Essay: Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the Internet (); Argumentative Essay: Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the Internet (); Argumentative Essay: Discussion about Smoking (); There are many different types of music in the world today.