InSmith hoped his new spiritual colony of Nauvoo in Missouri would provide a permanent safe haven for the Saints, but anti-Mormon prejudice there proved virulent. Angry mobs murdered Smith and his brother in June and began burning homes and threatening the citizens of Nauvoo. Young had little knowledge of the geography and environment of the West and no particular destination in mind, but trusting in God, he began to prepare the people of Nauvoo for a mass exodus. On this day inYoung abandoned Nauvoo and began leading 1, Mormons west across the frozen Mississippi in subzero temperatures to a temporary refuge at Sugar Grove, Iowa.
The region was a hotbed of religious enthusiasm during the Second Great Awakening. As a teenager, he may have been sympathetic to Methodism. The event would later grow in importance to Smith's followers, who now regard it as the first event in the gradual restoration of Christ's church to earth.
Until the s, however, the experience was largely unknown, even to most Mormons. According to his later accounts, Smith was visited by an angel named Moroniwhile praying one night in Smith said that this angel revealed the location of a buried book made of golden platesas well as other artifacts, including a breastplate and a set of interpreters composed of two seer stones set in a frame, which had been hidden in a hill near his home.
When Smith proposed marriage, Emma's father, Isaac Hale objected, primarily because he believed Smith had no means to support Emma.
Later that year, when Smith promised to abandon treasure seeking, Hale offered to let the couple live on his property in Harmony and help Smith get started in business. He said the angel commanded him not to show the plates to anyone else, but to translate them and publish their translation.
Smith said the translation was a religious record of indigenous Americans and were engraved in an unknown language, called reformed Egyptian.
He also told associates that he was capable of reading and translating them.
Harris also took a sample of the characters to a few prominent scholars, including Charles Anthon. Harris said Anthon initially authenticated the characters and their translation, but then retracted his opinion after learning that Smith claimed to have received the plates from an angel.
In any event, Harris returned to Harmony in Apriland continued as Smith's scribe. Harris convinced Smith to let him take the existing pages of manuscript to Palmyra to show a few family members, including his wife. As punishment for losing the manuscript, Smith said that the angel returned and took away the plates, and revoked his ability to translate.
During this period, Smith briefly attended Methodist meetings with his wife, until a cousin of hers objected to inclusion of a "practicing necromancer" on the Methodist class roll. Later, a group of Eight Witnesses — composed of male members of the Whitmer and Smith families — issued a statement that they had been shown the golden plates by Smith.
|Gates of Vienna||The Emergence of Brigham Young and the Twelve to Mormon Leadership, — This study investigates Brigham Young and his fellow apostles in the s as they gradually became an effective quorum and moved toward eventual ascendancy.|
|Brigham Young | BYU Studies||When polygamy was introduced into the Latter Day Saint movement is uncertain. Phelps ' transcript of a claimed polygamy revelation by Joseph Smith.|
The completed work, titled the Book of Mormonwas published in Palmyra on March 26,by printer E. Soon after, on April 6,Smith and his followers formally organized the Church of Christand small branches were established in Palmyra, Fayette, and Colesville, New York.
In probable reference to this period of flight, Smith said that PeterJamesand John had appeared to him and had ordained him and Cowdery to a higher priesthood. Life of Joseph Smith from to and Life of Joseph Smith from to When Smith moved to Kirtland, Ohio in Januaryhe encountered a religious culture that included enthusiastic demonstrations of spiritual giftsincluding fits and trances, rolling on the ground, and speaking in tongues.
Rigdon's followers had also been practicing a form of communalismwhich Smith adopted, calling it the United Order. Converts poured into Kirtland.
By the summer ofthere were fifteen hundred to two thousand Mormons in the vicinity, many expecting Smith to lead them shortly to the Millennial kingdom.Once Smith was killed the church split with some members following Smith’s son and the majority following Brigham Young, an inspiring man with 24 wives and 58 children!!.
The Mormons were then forced to move on to Utah. Convinced that the Mormons would never find peace in the United States, Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, made a bold decision: the Mormons would move to the still wild territories of the.
New home subdivision coming to northwest Brigham City November 7, • Nelson Phillips • Staff Writer At Thursday’s meeting, the Brigham City Council approved a preliminary plat design for a home subdivision in the city’s northwest corner. The mormons made a substantial impact on western expansion.
Joseph Smith, the founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of LatterDay Saints also known as the Mormons, settled in Kirtland Mills, Ohio in hopes to create a place for Mormons to live in the “Kingdom of God” on earth.
Some scholars believe that Smith transcribed a revelation recommending polygamy on July 17, This alleged revelation is described in a letter to Brigham Young written in by an early Mormon convert, William W.
Phelps, thirty years after the supposed revelation.
This was during a period when LDS Church leaders were justifying the practice and origins of plural marriage, particularly to. Western Expansion. Thomas Hart Benton () Ferdinand Thomas Lee Boyle () extensively explored the western territories and played a major role in the conquest of California during the Mexican War.
Brigham Young () Hartwig Bornemann (dates unknown) Lithograph, circa , NPG