He was known primarily for his unusual ideas about military scouting, explained in his book Aids to Scouting. Startled to discover that many boys were using his military book as a guide to outdoor activities, he began to think how he could convert his concepts of army scouting for men to "peace scouting" for boys.
By summerthey were trained and shipped to France at the rate of 10, military personnel a day. Tens of millions of parents took war jobs or joined voluntary organizations such as the Red Cross. This involvement changed the course of the war and directly affected daily life, education, and family structures of children in the United States.
Although the United States entered the war inthere had been very little planning, or even recognition of the problems that the British and other Allies had to solve on their homefronts. As a result, the level of confusion was high in the first 12 months, then efficiency took control.
The women and children did much more work than they used to. Children were affected as many of their fathers were killed or maimed in battle, and their mothers began working long hours in the factories. As the war progressed, technology advanced and industry boomed, enabling women to spend less time on household chores and more time outside of the home.
Over 21 million people were killed or injured in World War I; in many cases, all of the men in one family were killed, numerous cities in Europe were destroyed, and family life throughout the world was greatly affected.
As the war draft suddenly removed many men from factory work, the factories began soliciting for women workers in traditionally male-dominated areas. As fathers, uncles, brothers, and grandfathers deployed in military service, women filled their places in factories and offices, changing the ways young children and teens received home nurturing.
Additionally, women moving into new roles in society had lasting effects on children and family life after the war. President Woodrow Wilson stated, "We have made partners of the women in this war; shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and toil and not to a partnership of privilege and right?
This also paved the way for the children of future generations by creating greater career opportunities for girls and women; as women gained a stronger voice, girls became more involved in the workforce and education and prepared for roles outside of the home.
|Journal of American Folklore||Sea Scouting for older Scouts starts. The Boy Scouts of America sends members.|
|Boyce was an American newspaper man and entrepreneur.|
|Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights - MeritBadgeDotOrg||This was not a surprise decision, nor did it come out of nowhere. Their decision to no longer maintain sex distinction in their membership is a discrediting action.|
|BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA AND MONMOUTH COUNCIL, et al. v. JAMES DALE - FIRE||In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:|
Additionally, family life was affected after the war as more and more women entered the work force, moving away from the traditional stay-at-home mother and housewife role. During this time, and still today, post-traumatic stress then more likely to be known as "shell shock" was not fully understood, but because of the traumatic nature of battle, many men were negatively affected after the war.
Some men were forced to leave battle, which many people considered cowardice, and there were asylums throughout Europe housing men suffering from this condition. In some extreme cases, men were even shot for showing weakness. Additionally, many of these men were teenagers when they left for war, and virtually all were under the age of 30; therefore many of these soldiers were barely out of childhood themselves.
Navy during World War I. Furthermore, because over a million young men were deployed overseas, marriage had to be postponed.
In addition, a large number of the military personnel who returned home suffered from serious permanent injuries.
Technology[ edit ] On the home front, domestic appliances were being created, alleviating the amount of time that women needed to spend on chores, so they had more time to work outside of the home. Additionally, this lessened the need for female servantsas things like laundry services and food preparation services became popular.
Additionally, this showed young girls that they could eventually work outside of the home and more opportunities were available to them after they completed their education.
Impact on Education[ edit ] World War I altered education in the United States through curriculum changes with government pamphlets and required patriotism sessions.
Even though the United States was only involved in World War I for a short period of time, the government instituted many programs for and changes to American education. During this war period, there was a strong focus on nationalism and patriotismwhich significantly affected education.
Woodrow Wilson and the United States government funded a series of pamphlets, posters, bulletins, and speeches, which promoted strong nationalism and anti-German sentiments. For example, as part of the CPI and NEA programs, with the assistance of Woodrow Wilson, pamphlets were published advocating democracy and national patriotism in schools.
This was important because the United States allied with Great Britain. They included things such as weekly fifteen-minute periods on patriotism for first and second grades.
They stressed that teachers instruct the children so that they viewed the war in a positive manner and portrayed war in terms of celebrations, and victories, not destructive realities.
An elementary pamphlet stated, "In teaching the war to young pupils, the appeal should be directed primarily to the imagination and to the emotions. It is not enough that our pupils shall be informed of the events of the war Their imaginations must be awakened and their feelings aroused to an appreciation of the significance of the great happenings of the times.
The patriotic sentiments were also carried out in secondary settings. Specific programs and in-school curricula targeted the patriotic development of children, especially teens. New history curricula introduced rewrote the story of the American past to de-emphasize the friction between the colonies and Britain, and to deconstruct historical American and German amity, to vilify the Germans.American Boy: The Boy Scouts, YMCA, and Their Forerunners, – remains the best published work on age and class dynamics in American Boy Scout practices in the s, while historians seeking a social analysis of the organiza-.
DEFINING CHARACTER: A CURRICULUM ANALYSIS OF THE BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA AND THE NATIONAL KAPPA LEAGUE A History of American Childhood.
Together, using these two pieces of A Curriculum Analysis of the Boy Scouts of America and the National Kappa League. BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA AND MONMOUTH COUNCIL, et al., PETITIONERS v.
JAMES DALE By the time Dale was expelled from the Boy Scouts in , legitimate and illegitimate; for too much of our history there was the same inertia in distinguishing between black and white”). Over the years, however, interaction with real people, rather than. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE. NEW YORK -- This morning's U.S.
Supreme Court ruling that Boy Scouts of America is exempt from state laws that bar anti-gay discrimination will have only a limited impact on civil rights laws nationwide, the American Civil Liberties Union said today. HOME—US Scouting—BSA History.
A Brief History of the Boy Scouts of America to Today. This brief history was researched and written by Scoutmaster Jeff Snowden in , and has been continually updated since.
On My Honor: Boy Scouts and the Making of American Youth (review) Nathan E. Bender Journal of American Folklore, Volume , Number , Winter , pp.