Women's Intellectual Contributions to the Study of Mind and Society Students, as part of an advanced seminar, examined and wrote about the lives of these women, their intellectual contributions, and the unique impact and special problems that being female had on their careers.
Self-psychology; perception; memory; association of ideas; studies of dreams; paired-associate technique. Mary Whiton Calkins was a leading early American psychologist.
Elected one of the first female members of the American Psychological Association APA inshe was the also elected the fourteenth, and first female, president of the APA in Inless than a decade and a half into her career, she was ranked twelfth on a list of the 50 leading psychologists in the United States.
In addition to a successful career as a psychologist, Calkins was an accomplished philosopher, elected to the presidency of the American Philosophical Association in Over the course of her career she published four books and over a hundred articles on both psychological and philosophical topics.
Calkins was born the eldest of five children, to Charlotte Whiton Calkins and A biography of mary whiton calkins Calkins, a Presbyterian minister. She grew up and lived in Buffalo, New York, until the family moved to Newton, Massachusetts when she was seventeen.
|Mary Whiton Calkins||Calkins was also the first woman to become president of the American Psychological Association. Achievements Calkins published writings based on both philosophy and psychology.|
|Early life||Through this she discovered that stimuli that were paired with other vivid stimuli would be recalled more easily.|
|Article contents||Background[ edit ] Mary Whiton Calkins was born on March 30in Hartford, Connecticut;  she was the eldest of five children. As a major in Classics, Calkins took advantage of the opportunities and spent several months traveling and studying modern Greek and classics.|
Extremely close to her family, Calkins remained in Newton, living in the family home, for the remainder of her life with the exception of her time as an undergraduate at Smith College. InCalkins entered Smith College as a sophomore. The death of her sister Maud, only eighteen months her junior, in the spring of is said to have had a profound influence on Calkins and her thinking.
Following this loss, she remained at home and took private lessons in Greek, rather than return to Smith for the school year. In the fall ofshe re-entered Smith College, graduating that spring with majors in Classics and Philosophy.
Inwhile in Leipzig during an eighteen month family trip to Europe, an opportunity to travel to Italy and Greece presented itself. Calkins availed herself of this opportunity and spent several months travelling and studying modern Greek and classics. Upon her return to the United States, Calkins's father arranged for her to have an interview with the president of the newly created women's college in Wellesley Massachusetts.
This led to an appointment as an instructor in Greek at Wellesley College in At Wellesley, the Department of Philosophy was making plans to offer a course in psychology. Calkins, identified as a skilled educator, was offered the opportunity to take on the teaching of this course, provided she obtain necessary training in the subject for a year.
Although Calkins considered going abroad to Germany to study psychology, as many did during this period, and received positive responses as to the possibility of studying at the University of Michigan with philosopher John Dewey and at Yale University with George Trumball Ladd, she did not undertake any of these educational opportunities.
Furumoto speculates that this decision was motivated both by a desire to study the new laboratory-based experimental psychology, which neither Dewey or Ladd could provide, as well a desire to remain close to her family. Consequently, Calkins endeavoured to undertake graduate work at Harvard University.
She was able to attend graduate seminars taught by William James and Josiah Royce at Harvard, only after the intervention of her father who, with the support of Wellesley College, petitioned on her behalf.
Her acceptance for study at the university was predicated on the acknowledgement that in attending seminars at the university a precedent for co-education would not be set. Calkins was not to be a student at the University, but rather a faculty member of a College seeking post-graduate instruction.
In OctoberCalkins's began to attend seminars at Harvard.About This Quiz & Worksheet. In this short quiz, you'll find multiple-choice questions specifically designed to test your knowledge of the biography of Mary Whiton Calkins. Calkins’s writings encompass more than a hundred papers in professional journals of psychology and philosophy and several books, including An Introduction to Psychology (), The Persistent Problems of Philosophy (), which went through five editions, and The Good Man and the Good ().
Who Was Mary Whiton Calkins? The psychologist Mary Whiton Calkins was, among other things, the first female president of the American Psychological Association. During a time when women were almost universally excluded from her profession, she made made important theoretical contributions to the new field of psychology, including the study of .
Mary Whiton Calkins (–) was an American philosopher and psychologist. Calkins was also the first woman to become president of the American Psychological Association. Calkins was also the first woman to become president of the American Psychological Association. Mary Whiton Calkins was an American psychologist who became the American Psychological Association's first woman president.
While she rightfully earned a doctorate degree in psychology from Harvard, the university refused to award her a degree because she was a woman. Mary Whiton Calkins was a late 19th and early 20th century psychologist and philosopher who introduced the field of self psychology.
She was the first woman to become president of the American Psychological Association. Professional Life. Calkins was born in Hartford, Connecticut on March 30,