Summary of the 5 perspectives of psychology Biological Perspective Also known as behavioural neuroscience, the biological perspective examines how our physiology body ultimately shapes our psychology mind. It is concerned with the structure and function of the brain, nervous system and hormones and the role they play in determining our thoughts, feelings and subsequent behaviours. For psychologists, the biological perspective means looking for treatments that alter the hormonal or biochemical status quo to try and redress an imbalance, such as in treatments for clinical depression. A second important aspect of biological psychology is the heritability of cognitive factors, including intelligence and personality traits.
March 29,6: Whether you are talking about Sigmund Freud or Abraham Maslow, there has been a multitude of varying opinions on why humans act the way they do. At this point in modern psychology, the varying viewpoints on human behavior have been split into eight different perspectives: Having an understanding of each of these perspectives is a great way to increase your understanding of the various psychologists, theories, and disorders that you need to know for the AP Psychology exam.
And the best way to do well on the AP Psychology exam is through understanding rather than straight memorization. That is why we are giving you a brief overview of each psychological perspective! For most of the perspectives listed we have a more in-depth explanation available, but whether you are crunched for time, or you just need a quick review, this list of Psychological Perspectives for AP Psychology will give you what you need.
Biological Perspective To understand what the biological perspective also known as the neuroscience perspective is all about, you simply have to look at the name.
The three main causes of our thoughts and behaviors in a biological perspective are our genetics, hormones, and neurotransmitters. This means that our behaviors are not so much our choice, but a result of our genetic background, nervous system, and immune system.
Our crash course review on the biological perspective offers a more detailed explanation. Behavioral Perspective Behaviorists and the behavioral perspective, in general, is heavily based on observable behaviors and actions; unlike some of the other perspectives, the behavioral perspective does not pay attention to cognitive processes because they are not observable.
The behavioral perspective explains behavior through conditioning such as classical conditioning or operant conditioning. Essentially, a behavioral psychologist will say that all behavior is learned.
Maybe the individual has been punished in the past for attempting to extend their social circle, or they were rewarded in some way for withdrawing from social interaction.
Find out more about the behavioral perspective with our crash course review. Cognitive Perspective Unlike the behavioral perspective, the cognitive perspective as you would guess is all about our cognitive processes. This theory is heavily based on memory and perception as well.
For an individual with introverted behavior, a cognitive psychologist would look at it as how the individual interprets the social situations they are placed in; maybe the individual interprets people asking questions about their life as that they are judgemental, so they withdraw from social interaction.
You can find a more detailed look into the cognitive perspective with the crash course review on our blog.
Humanistic Perspective The humanistic perspective was inspired mostly by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, who both emphasized their psychological viewpoint on free will and individual choice.
This theory essentially states that for a person to reach their full potential, they need to gain each of the five steps or needs. They are in order physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs.
In general, the humanistic perspective looks at human behavior as a whole, and that we are in control and chose the majority of our behaviors. An example of how a humanistic psychologist would approach something is that they may say an introverted person may be choosing to limit their social circle because they find their needs are better met with a smaller group of friends.
A critique of this perspective is that it is difficult to test with experiments and through the scientific method. A more detailed look into the humanistic perspective is also available in our crash course review.5 Perspectives of Psychology.
STUDY. PLAY. Neuroscience/ Biological. Looks at links between brain, nervous system, as well as other biological aspects of the body such as hormones, heredity and how much they effect mental process/behavior. Evolutionary.
Evolution of certain genes/behavior and how they aid survival. Psychology is the scientific study of human thought, feelings and behavior. The five major perspectives in psychology are biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive and humanistic. Each perspective provides its own view on the roots of why you do what you do.
Start studying 7 Perspectives in Psychology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives.
Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions.
Psychological Perspectives for AP Psychology The one constant throughout the entire AP Psychology exam (and throughout the field of psychology as a whole) is that there are several different viewpoints, or perspectives, about how to think about and interpret human behavior.
5 Perspectives of Psychology Psychology is the study of the mind, and of necessity, a complex subject. It is generally agreed that there are five main theories of psychology.